More than 1.3 million people are now biometrically registered as refugees and asylum seekers in Uganda. Of these, nearly two-thirds are from South Sudan, nearly a third are from the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the remaining proportion (8%) are from other African countries.
Uganda continues to receive refugees from the DRC at an average daily influx rate of 150–200, and from South Sudan at an average daily influx rate of 20–40. Suspension of prima facie status for all refugees has created anxiety among arriving refugees, with many arriving into Uganda through undesignated points of entry. This has created additional protection risks for those entering Uganda, specifically women and girls.
Uganda is also still on high alert for Ebola, following the confirmed case in Kasese district of Western Uganda in June 2019.
CARE’s humanitarian response is focused on the prevention of and response to gender-based violence; sexual, reproductive, and maternal health and rights; and shelter and livelihoods support. Since July 2019, we have helped 42,500 people. We are currently piloting our Women Lead in Emergencies approach in our response and support to refugees from both the DRC and South Sudan.
Nearly 1 million people have been affected by the flooding in South Sudan. Flooding has intensified across eastern Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Uganda and Tanzania) due to unusually heavy rains throughout October. At least 2.5 million people are affected across the region by displacement and loss of property, crops and livestock.
The government of South Sudan has declared a state of emergency in 27 of the worst affected counties. CARE is operating in nine of these counties. We are participating in needs assessments and coordinating with UN agencies, government and other INGOs to develop a response.
From the 16 to 31 October, the province of Cotabato and nearby provinces suffered from three consecutive strong earthquakes (magnitude more than 6). A total of 22 casualties and 424 injured have been reported and these numbers are expected to rise. A population of 188,000 people are affected, with 24,000 now living in temporary shelters and 7,465 being assisted outside evacuation centres. CARE joined local partner assessment teams on the ground and carried out initial food pack distributions. We are standing by to support a potential response depending on the outcomes of the rapid assessment and funding availability.
Nearly 7.8 million people will continue to require humanitarian assistance due to drought, flooding and displacement due to inter-communal violence. From July to September 2019, CARE Ethiopia helped 493,000 people through food, nutrition, livelihood recovery, WASH (water, sanitation, hygiene), shelter and cash support.
We conducted a rapid gender analysis in new and ongoing projects to understand the gender roles and dynamics in the communities in which we are working. Field office staff are trained in issues around gender in emergencies. This included providing training to staff in East and West Hararghe in protection from sexual abuse and exploitation.
The earthquakes and tsunami that hit the Indonesian island of Sulawesi on 28 September 2018 killed more than 4,800 people, displaced at least 172,000, and damaged or destroyed more than 110,000 homes. A year after the disaster, more than 57,000 survivors are still living in temporary shelters and tens of thousands more are waiting for help to rebuild damaged homes. The long process of recovery continues, as people struggle to regain lost livelihoods, and repair and rebuild homes and infrastructure.
CARE’s work in Central Sulawesi focuses on Sigi and Donggala districts, which were both heavily affected by the earthquakes and tsunami. To date we have helped more than 60,000 people with emergency aid. We are now developing longer term projects with a focus on livelihoods and economic recovery.